The participants in a meeting of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU) at the level of Heads of State and Government, held Tuesday by video conference, took a series of steps that could accelerate the resolution of the conflict in Western Sahara and inject momentum into the AU’s efforts to resolve the conflict in the last colony in Africa.
Thus, both parties to the conflict were called upon to return quickly to the negotiating table with a view to crystallizing a political and peaceful solution on the basis of the provisions of Article 4 of the AU Constitution. In this regard, it was stressed that decolonization of Western Sahara must be considered by allowing the Saharawi people to exercise their inalienable right to self-determination and independence.
The role of the PSC in monitoring the Sahrawi issue was highlighted through the holding of at least two summits per year to follow up the developments of the file and reactivate the role of the AU High Representative for Western Sahara, whose mission will be to establish contacts with both parties to the conflict.
The African leaders also agreed to activate the role of the High Level Committee of Heads of State and Government on the issue of Western Sahara and to consult the AU Legal Advisor on the “consulates” opened in the occupied territories.
In addition, the Commission was instructed to take appropriate measures for the reopening of the AU office in the occupied city of El-Aaiun to enable it to perform its role.