The African Union (AU) asked the Peace and Security Council (PSC) to urge Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) to “prepare the conditions of a new ceasefire,” leading to a solution ensuring to the Sahrawi people their right to self-determination.
The final decision adopted by the 14th Extraordinary Summit of AU Heads of State and Government on 6 December under the theme “Silencing the guns,” asked PSC “to give the contributions expected by the African Union in support to the UN efforts and in accordance with the relevant provisions of its protocol,” to urge the two parties to the conflict, which are both AU’s member States, to face the current situation in order to prepare the conditions for a new ceasefire and reach a fair and lasting solution to the conflict.”
AU’s heads of State and Government called “to give a new boost to the Troika mechanism” in accordance with the decision 693 (31).
They expressed their “deep concern over the escalation of military tensions between Morocco and the Sahrawi Republic in El Guerguerat,” a buffer zone of Western Sahara, leading to the violation of 1991’s ceasefire agreement, notably the military Agreement no1, and “consequently, the unfortunate resumption of war.”
Insisting on a solution which paves the way to the self-determination of the Sahrawi people, AU heads of State and Government called on, in their final decision, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres to “appoint a new special envoy for Western Sahara,” able to contribute to the resumption of the political process, at standstill since the resignation of former envoy Horst Kohler in May 2019 for health reasons.
The 14th extraordinary summit of AU on “silencing the guns” decided to re-include the issue of Western Sahara in PSC agenda to give a “new momentum” to this issue.