Commissioner for Peace and Security of the African Union, Smail Chergui, announced the upcoming summit of the Peace and Security Council of the AU (PSC) to discuss developments on the Western Sahara issue, stressing the need to enable the Sahrawi people to exercise their right to self-determination.
In an interview given Tuesday to “Channel I” of the national radio, Chergui said that “the return of the war between the Kingdom of Morocco and the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), and with what happened in the region of Guerguerat confirms the fragility of the situation, and reinforces the need to act for the return to discussions in order to reach a mutually satisfactory solution. A solution that guarantees the Sahrawi people the right to exercise their right to self-determination through a referendum.”
“The Peace and Security Council of the African Union will hold a summit on the issue at the appropriate time, and the Troika could meet in the coming days to find ideas and make suggestions,” the African leader added.
In this regard, he said that “the priority of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union (PSC) is to try to find a peaceful solution by exerting political pressure on the countries that still occupy parts of the African continent.
With regard to the efforts of the United Nations in resolving the conflict in Western Sahara, Chergui said: “What is also expected is the decision of the United Nations to appoint a personal envoy, and that the two organizations join forces to find a peaceful solution to the conflict.”
The issue of Western Sahara is still on the table of the UN General Assembly as a decolonization issue and also held the attention of the UN Security Council, which has had it on its agenda since 1975.
Included since 1966 in the list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, and therefore eligible for the implementation of UN General Assembly resolution 1514 (Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples), Western Sahara is the last colony in Africa, occupied for more than 45 years by Morocco, supported by France.