The decision to expand the reconstruction plan to include new liberated territories will trigger strong reactions, especially since the new approach of the Sahrawi Republic goes beyond the technical aspects related to reconstruction that have been achieved on the ground, an analytical paper prepared by the Studies Section at the Sumoud Website has confirmed.
The study showed that the plan has strategic dimensions that aim at protecting the liberated territories against any aggression, especially after Morocco joined the African Union and approved its constitutive act, which recognizes defending the sovereignty, unity and independence of the member states.
The study highlighted that the speech of Sahrawi President Brahim Ghali, delivered in the liberated town of Tifariti in August 2020, brought the issue of the reconstruction of the liberated Sahrawi territories to the forefront, given the stances contained in the speech that reflect the seriousness of the Sahrawi Republic for making a qualitative leap in the course of the path that launched three decades ago.
The study asserted that expanding the reconstruction process to include new liberated territories, which may comprise strategic areas for the first time, reveals the extent of the impact of developments related to the Sahrawi issue, and the current international situation in drafting the new position, which coincided with a visit by a high-level ministerial committee to the liberated territories, to assess the course of the reconstruction process, and prepare for the launch of the new phase.
The paper indicated that strengthening the official presence of national institutions in the liberated territories would allow the Sahrawi Republic to play its role within the African Union and take advantage of its membership, which ensures the organization of the political and cultural activities of the African Union and its various organs.
The decision – the analytical paper highlights – will contribute to revitalizing the commercial and economic movement, especially between the Sahrawi Republic and neighboring countries, and pave the way for foreign investment in the field of exploration for natural resources, which will have an impact on creating a national economy, and reducing dependence on foreign aid that has long been used to starve and intimidate the Sahrawi people.
The study expected that the steps achieved on the ground would encourage the international community to recognize the right to human development for the Sahrawi people, and there were signs of this by calling on former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to include Western Sahara in the sustainable development plan and to hold an international donor conference to help the Sahrawi people.
The strategy of reconstructing the liberated territories – the study adds – has led Morocco to lose many papers that it has been using for years, notably denying the existence of the Sahrawi Republic and its liberated territories, employing humanitarian aid to put pressure on the Sahrawi people, and supporting terrorism and organized crime through the smuggling of drugs to the Sahel and Sahara countries through the Moroccan military wall.
The study pointed out that the strategy adopted by the Sahrawi Republic towards the reconstruction of the liberated territories has yielded positive results, which has had a major impact in raising awareness at the international level of the importance of the role played by the Sahrawi Republic in its regional and continental surroundings. The Sahrawi army has become a security and stability factor in the region, according to the United Nations and neighbouring countries, development projects established in the liberated territories and the operation of various facilities have demonstrated the ability of the Sahrawi Republic to succeed in a dual administration of the refugee camps and liberated territories. Therefore, the future course requires building strong and effective institutions capable of keeping pace with developments. (Sumoud)