Thu 29/10/2020

Sumoud’s opinion:  Guerguerat illegal passage is a test for the UN mission, for organizing the referendum or perpetuating the occupation  

1 month ago at 28/Sep/2020 46

In its Resolution 2351 of April 2017, the UN Security Council acknowledged that the recent crisis in the buffer sector of Guerguerat raises fundamental issues related to the ceasefire and associated agreements, and encouraged the UN Secretary-General to explore ways to address those issues.

It reiterated the need for complete respect for the military agreements reached with the Mission regarding the ceasefire, and called on the parties to fully comply with those agreements.

Today, 3 years and 5 months have passed since this resolution was issued, and the UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres, hasn’t started to explore ways to address those issues, as requested by the Security Council.

If we take into account that the Guerguerat illegal passage is considered a breach of the military agreement No. 1 on the one hand, and on the other hand a corridor for facilitating the illegal plunder of the natural resources of Western Sahara, not to mention that it is an attempt to consecrate the Moroccan occupation as a fait accompli, through the forms of normalization pursued with neighboring countries;

If we also take into account the position of the UN Secretary General, whose spokesperson stated two days ago that he demands not to change the current status quo in the Guerguerat illegal passage, and to maintain what he called civilian and commercial traffic;

This position, coincided with the position of the Moroccan occupation expressed by its prime minister before the UN General Assembly, in which he reaffirmed Morocco’s dissolution of its obligations to enter into direct negotiations without preconditions with the Polisario Front, to reach a just and lasting solution that guarantees the right of the Sahrawi people to self-determination, and tried to interpret the Security Council resolutions and distort them.

These developments, which are taking place at a time when the Sahrawi people are anxiously awaiting for what the UN Secretary-General’s report to the Security Council will carry, nearly two years after the resignation of Horst Koehler, will make it difficult for the Polisario Front, which adopts the method of persuasion by argument, to dissuade its militants who wish to demonstrate in Guerguerat, to reverse their decision, especially those of them demanding a total closure of the illegal passage there.

Moreover, they will also demand putting into effect its decision approved by its 15th Congress, of reconsidering its participation in the entire peace process, in the face of the repeated failure of the General Secretariat of the United Nations and the Security Council to prevent Morocco from dictating the terms of the peace process and the role of the United Nations in Western Sahara.

The position of the Secretary-General of the United Nations has unfortunately revealed a premeditated intention to devote the Moroccan occupation as a fait accompli. Therefore, it is not surprising to the international community that the illegal Guergarat passage has turned into an ultimate test for the will of the UN mission (MINURSO) in its endeavors to organize a referendum for self-determination of the Sahrawi people, or to demonstrate its intention to transform into an umbrella that legitimizes the Moroccan occupation’s violation of human rights in the occupied part of Western Sahara, and its plunder of the natural resources, leading to the normalization with its illegal occupation. (Sumoud)

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