The UN Secretary-General, Mr. Antonio Guterres, has affirmed that the United Nations considers Western Sahara a “non-self-governing territory and a decolonization issue,” stressing the need to reach a political, just and lasting solution that guarantees the right of the people of Western Sahara to self-determination.
“The Special Political and Decolonization Committee (Fourth Committee) of the General Assembly and the Special Committee on the Situation with regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples are considering the situation in Western Sahara under questions relating to Non-Self-Governing Territories and decolonization”, specified Mr. Guterres in his new report on the situation in Western Sahara which covers the period from 1 September 2020 to 31 August 2021.
In this context, he recalled that the Security Council “calls in successive resolutions for a just, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution that ensures the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara”.
Expressing “serious concern” at the “deterioration” of the situation in Western Sahara, the UN SG deplored the resumption of hostilities between Morocco and the Polisario Front, which, according to him, constitutes “a considerable setback in the search of a political solution to this long-standing conflict”.
“The resumption of the political process is urgent more than ever. It remains absolutely essential that the parties agree on the appointment of a Personal Envoy to relaunch the political dialogue on Western Sahara,” Guterres notes in the document.
To this end, he once again called on the members of the Security Council, the friends of Western Sahara and the other actors concerned to “encourage Morocco and the Polisario Front to engage in good faith and without preconditions in the political process. “, after the appointment of Guterres’ new personal envoy, Staffan de Mistura.
Moreover, the UN SG said he is “convinced that a solution is possible despite the recent significant setback”.
“Today more than ever, to achieve a just, lasting and mutually acceptable political solution which enables the self-determination of the people of Western Sahara in accordance with resolutions 2440 (2018), 2468 (2019), 2494 (2019) and 2548 ( 2020) of the Security Council, it is necessary for the parties and the international community to demonstrate resolute political will,” he underlined.